There is a section of the Henry Ford Museum devoted to tools. I found the exhibit of metal-working tools to be particularly interesting. Most of the ones pictured below were produced between the end of the Civil War and the beginning of the Twentieth Century. This was a time of tremendous advance in agriculture, engineering and manufacturing owing to the development of these tools.
This corner of the exhibit shows a number of manufacturing tools:
Most of the tools in the exhibit originated in the New England area from two companies. J. R. Brown & Sharpe of Providence, R.I., and Waltham Watch of Waltham, Mass.
Here are a few pictures of the machines close up.
There is also a nice sample of gears, presumably cut on a gear-cutter similar to the one shown above.